Le regole, in materia di
collezionismo e raccolta, che si Ŕ data una prestigiosa associazione di
lepidotterologi degli Stati Uniti. Sintomo di civiltÓ e di vitalitÓ
Statement on Collecting Lepidoptera
adopted by the Executive Council: 13 June 1996, Houston, Texas
The Lepidopterists' Society affirms that collecting Lepidoptera is one of
many legitimate activities enabling professional and avocational
lepidopterists to further the scientifically sound and progressive study
of Lepidoptera and education about Lepidoptera as well as encouraging
interaction between professional and avocational lepidopterists.
The foregoing Statement of The
Lepidopterists' Society is accompanied by the following Collecting
Guidelines. The Guidelines elucidate the manner in which collecting should
be conducted. Practitioners are encouraged to adopt these Guidelines and
to use the Guidelines for the instruction of others.
Our responsibility to assess and preserve
natural resources, for the increase of knowledge, and for the maintenance
of biological diversity in perpetuity, requires that lepidopterists
examine the practices of collecting Lepidoptera for the purpose of
governing their own activities.
To this end, the following guidelines
are outlined, based on these premises:
- 0.1 Lepidoptera is one of the largest
order of insects. Lepidopterans are an important component of
- 0.2 Lepidoptera are conspicuous and
scientifically well known, thus they are frequently used as indicator
groups for conservation programs.
- 0.3 The collection of Lepidoptera
- 0.31 is a means of introducing
children and adults to awareness and study of their natural
- 0.32 has an essential role in the
elucidation of scientific information, both for its own sake and
as a basis from which to develop rational means for protecting the
environment, its resources, human health, and the world food
- 0.33 is an educational activity
which generally can be pursued in a manner not detrimental to the
PURPOSES OF COLLECTING (consistent with the
- 1.1 To create a reference collection
for study and appreciation.
- 1.2 To document regional diversity,
frequency, and variability of species, and as voucher material for
- 1.3 To document faunal representation
in environments undergoing or threatened with alteration by humans or
- 1.4 To participate in development of
regional checklists and institutional reference collections.
- 1.5 To complement a planned research
- 1.6 To aid in dissemination of
- 1.7 To augment understanding of
taxonomic and ecologic relationships for medical and economic purposes.
- 2.1 Collecting adults or immature
stages should be limited to sampling, not depleting, the population
concerned. Numbers collected should be consistent with the purposes
outlined in sections 1.1 through 1.7.
- 2.2 Where the extent and/or the
fragility of the population is unknown, caution and restraint should
- 3.1 All data should be recorded,and
the data should be made available to appropriate interested parties.
- 4.1 Rearing to elucidate life
histories and to obtain series of immature stages and adults is to be
encouraged, provided that collection of the rearing stock is in
keeping with these guidelines.
- 4.2 Reared material in excess of need
should be released only in the region where it originated, and in
- 5.1 Protection of the supporting
habitat must be recognized as the sine qua non of protection of a
- 5.2 Collecting should be performed in
a manner such as to minimize trampling or other damage to the habitat
or to specific foodplants.
- 5.3 Property rights and sensibilities
of others must be respected.
- 5.4 Collectors must comply with
regulations relating to publicly controlled areas, to individual
species, and to habitats.
RESPONSIBILITY FOR COLLECTED MATERIAL:
- 6.1 All material should be preserved
with all known data attached.
- 6.2 All material should be protected
from physical damage and deterioration, e.g. light, molds, and museum
- 6.3 Collections should be made
available for examination by qualified researchers.
- 6.4 Collections or specimens, and
their associated written and photographic records, should be willed or
offered to the care of an appropriate scientific institution, if the
collector lacks space or loses interest, or in anticipation of death.
- 6.5 Type specimens, especially
holotype or allotype, should be deposited in appropriate scientific
RELATED ACTIVITIES OF COLLECTORS:
- 7.1 Collecting should include
permanently recorded field notes regarding habitat, conditions, and
other pertinent information.
- 7.2 Recording of observations of
behavior and of biological interactions should receive as high
priority as collecting.
- 7.3 Photographic records, with full
data, are to be encouraged.
- 7.4 Education of the public regarding
collecting and conservation, as reciprocally beneficial activities,
should be undertaken whenever possible.
- 7.5 All known data should be recorded
with the specimens, e.g. date, location, collector, habitat, larval
host plant data, and parentage of immatures, when known.
TRAFFIC IN LEPIDOPTERAN SPECIMENS:
- 8.1 Collection of specimens for
exchange or sale should be performed in accordance with these
- 8.2 Rearing of specimens for exchange
or sale should be from stock obtained in a manner consistent with
these guidelines, and so documented.
- 8.3 Mass collecting of Lepidoptera
for commercial purposes and collection of specimens for creation of
saleable artifacts are not included among the purposes of the Society.
- 9.1 Collectors should comply with
local, state or provincial, federal and national, and international
laws and regulations that govern collecting and possession, commerce
and exchange, import and export, and protection of species. Collectors
should comply with additional local, state or provincial, federal and
national, and international laws and regulations governing live
Dr. Vitor Becker
Dr. Lincoln P. Brower
Dr. Charles V. Covell, Jr.
Dr. Thomas Emmel
Dr. J. Donald Lafontaine
Eric H. Metzler, Chair
Dr. Kauri Mikkola
Dr. Scott Miller
Dr. Paul A. Opler
Fort Collins, Colorado
Dr. Kenelm W. Philip
Dr. Jerry A. Powell
Dr. Floyd and June Preston
Dr. Frederick W. Stehr
ex officio member
East Lansing Michigan
Dr. J. Benjamin Ziegler
Summit New Jersey